• Fortifications in New France

    Flying over Fort Beauséjour in 1975 I took this photo using infra red colour film. It gives the landscape a peculiar colour but what strikes you most forcibly is the plan of the fort and the earthworks surrounding it. The basic plan is like a five-pointed star with massive pointed earthworks sticking out into yet more geometric earthworks and deep ditches. In the centre is the yard of the fort, once occupied by necessary buildings. Where does such a peculiar design come from and what is its function meant to be? To get some insights I think it is necessary to go back in time and look at the history…

  • My Time in Acadia – The Villages and the Forts

    There was no end to my desire to study the topography of Chignecto in which I lived from 1967 to 1981. I drove in my car, rode my horse and walked on foot over many kilometers of ground much travelled by the Mi’kmaq, the French, the Acadians and the English in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. The Isthmus of Chignecto, joining New Brunswick to mainland Nova Scotia has witnessed the presence of human beings for over 12,000 years. When the French arrived there in the Seventeenth Century the Mi’kmaq had been there for over 2,000 years.   … Sikniktuk (or Chignecto) is located in Siknikt, one of the seven districts of Mi’kma’ki…